The story began in 1910 when Charles “the bird man” Hamilton landed his Curtis Bi-Plane over 13,000 spectators at the Elysian Grove Amusement Park downtown on the east bank of the Santa Cruz River. Our History. They are drawn westward by gold discoveries in California. One of the most shocking incidents in Tucson history occurs on March 3rd. Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way, Tucson, 85712, The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures, © 2010 - 2020 Southern Arizona Guide, LLC Design by Devil Dog Productions, LLC, The Civilian Conservation Corps in Arizona, Mission Garden occupies the same site and grows, History of Tucson as Told by the People Who Lived It. History of Tucson High. The last mule-drawn streetcar is retired, as electric cars begin operation over a three-mile loop between the downtown area and the U of A. Street vendors sell water for 5¢ per gallon. City pipes deliver a new municipal water system piping clean drinking water to 625 residential and commercial customers. A complex agricultural society known as the Hohokam inhabits the area ranging from present-day Northern Mexico to Central Arizona. Presbyterians establish the Tucson Indian Training School and charge the Federal government $31.25 per student per quarter. He is also president of the Consolidated Bank (later Valley National Bank). In 1880, Tucson began a period of many changes with the arrival of the Southern-Pacific Railroad, the end of American Indian Wars, and the opening of the mines. For Tucson in general, war with the Indians is very good for business, except when Apaches raid an individual businessman’s wagon train, farm, or ranch. For now, it is the only hotel in Tucson. New Southern Pacific Depot completed. The 4-mile route connects University Medical Center in the east to the Mercado in the west with many stops along the newly revitalized Downtown, including Main Gate Square, 4th Avenue, and Congress Street. Terms of Service apply. Mexico gives up all or most of present-day California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, and the northern portions of Arizona and New Mexico ... 525,000 square miles in all. "Save the Temple" group succeeds in saving the historic Temple of Music & Art from demolition; restoration begins. Only Cochise had enough influence over the Chiricahua and other Apache groups to keep the young warriors from raiding north of the International Border. Tucson Medical Center has been providing continuous service to Southern Arizona from the day it admitted its first patient on Nov. 9, 1944. West of town, Columbia Pictures builds Old Tucson Studios to replicate 1860’s Tucson in the western Arizona, starring William Holden and Jean Arthur. For most Tucsonans, this is a life-changing event. American Treachery. This is bad news for the Chiricahua Apaches. The first public hospital, St. Mary’s, is receiving patients. In this form of municipal government, an elected city council—which includes the mayor and serves as the city's primary legislative body—appoints a chief executive called a city manager to … Construction begins on the very large adobe "Convento" at Mission San Agustin. Tucson History Facts and Timeline (Tucson, Arizona - AZ, USA) Eusebio Francisco Kino, a Jesuit missionary, was the first non-indigenous visitor to the tiny settlement of Tucson. This is the start of the Apache Wars that last for the next 25 years. For the true story about "How Pennington Street Got Its Name", CLICK HERE. Aviation in Tucson has a rich and colorful history. They slaughter more than 100 defenseless Apaches, mostly women, children and old men; all are scalped. Tucson History: The Death Of Dr. John Handy. Today, the re-constructed Mission Garden occupies the same site and grows heritage fruits, vegetables, and grains from the Fr. Coronado Expedition. Greater Metropolitan Tucson’s population is 531,000, unimaginable only 30 years earlier. What he finds instead are Zuni mud pueblos. In the 1870s, Broadway was "Camp Street", a narrow path that led to Camp Lowell. All Chiricahua Apaches, even those who had been loyal scouts for the U.S. Army, are exiled to Florida. 1861. The east-west red line shows the location of Maiden Lane, aka "The Sporting District". He then turns the gun on himself and commits suicide. Privacy Policy and In February, Tucson is occupied by about 120 Confederate troops from Texas. Archaeology Discover the archaeology and history of downtown Tucson, Court Street Cemetery, and historic Fort Lowell through recent archaeological reports, a special magazine issue, and a teacher’s guide. Arizona women can now vote. The town’s shock turns to anger. The entertainment is much welcomed by Tucsonans who seem to live life somewhere between hard, hot & dirty work, utter boredom, and stark terror. For all Tucsonans and people of Southern Arizona, this is a life-changing event. February 5th, Lt. Bascom meets with Cochise. On November 21, the northern Pima Indians (Tohono O'odham) revolt against the Spanish. The statue is located in Veinte de Agosto Park, between West Broadway and West Congress Street Downtown where they cross Church Street. The stage no longer has protection from Apaches. In November, the Pima County Board of Supervisors established District No. The plaza will become the site of the annual Fiesta de San Agustin, a rowdy, mostly secular celebration. Tucson residents will leave in droves to find gainful employment in communities with plenty of fresh, clean water. © 2021 Reliance Network and Long Realty. Replaced in 1972 by the current unimaginative structure. Directly below them is the walled Mission Garden. When the Rocky Mountains no longer have a significant annual snowpack, there will be no Colorado River worthy of the name. This is also the location of the first Cathedral de San Agustin. The first military telegraph line reaches Tucson and, with permission, civilians can use it. Tucson is named the capital of Arizona Territory. The first golf course opens. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Population about 3,000. Charles O. Previously, all homes and businesses had outhouses (privies), many of which contaminated the groundwater. I'm happy to share this History of Tucson Timeline with you. Geronimo (rt) and 3 of his Chiricahua warriors; 1886. 1000 B.C. The Americans have dug a well and procured tolerably good water ..." Handy is enraged and attacks the smaller man. Presidio Garrison Living History Second Saturdays, Helping You Navigate Social Security Disability Benefits During COVID-19, Digital Marketing Strategies For Small Businesses, Wings Over Willcox Birding & Nature Festival, A Story of Miracle Mountain in the Mule Mountains near Bisbee, AZ. For most Tucsonans, this is a very positive event. He notes that the population is about 200, perhaps a dozen are Americans. Later this year he buys Wheat’s Saloon, redecorates the interior, and offers music and dancing. Fishing in the Santa Cruz River, for all practical purposes, ceases. Orientation: Tucson is the second-largest Arizona city and is located in the southeastern part of the state. Gasoline-powered buses replace electric trolleys. The mission gardens are surrounded by high walls to keep animals out. More and more, Anglos buying up lots north of Congress along Main and Meyer Avenues, displace families of Mexican heritage to the barrios south of Congress Street. Handy). Garces. In the fall of 1910, the Louisa Wetherill and her husband opened the Kayenta Trading Post and lodge in the heart of Monument Valley in Norther… A … The stage no longer has protection from Apaches. The History of Tucson, AZ The Tucson of today is a thriving and bustling area with plenty to see and do no matter where you live around the city. Arroyo means "Ditch" in Spanish. Two of Tucson's most prominent professional men, lawyer Francis Heney and Dr. John Handy, meet on Church Street in the shadow of the Pima County Courthouse. 10,000 B.C. For the first time, Tucsonans can enjoy a cold beer in summer. Tucson formally secedes from the Union and is soon admitted to the Confederate States of America. A meeting of prominent Tucsonans is held at this upscale saloon, during which the municipality of Tucson is organized and officers elected. Mexican community before the Committee annual snowpack, there was only one death now.. 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